Farmer Field School (FFS)
FFS has been used as the effective approach to introduce IPM to farmers. FFS is generally composed of 25 farmers, a meeting place and a study field to grow crops and study various aspects of crop management for the entire duration of a crop.
In FFS, farmers grow crops together and meet in every week for two to four hours to monitor the growth of the crops using an agroecosystem analysis format. The changes found in the weekly agroecosystem analysis provides them with a practical opportunity to understand the interactions among plants, soil, water, weeds, pests, etc., and their combined effect on the growth and management of the plants. Based on this understanding, through a discussion process they make decisions as to what management practices are more suitable for better management of the crops. The regular practice of this decision-making exercise gradually makes farmers more confident and proficient in better crop production and protection.