IPM in Potato
Potato is a common vegetable in Afghanistan. Although grown across the country, in Bamyan and Badakhshan provinces it is a major crop. Generally, Colorado Potato Beetle (CPB) is considered as the common problem of potato. However, in real case the problem is the weed, which serves as the source of CPB infestation. This is because of the conventional cultivation method where farmers have hardly any weed control measures. Unlike the standard practice, in conventional method preparation of one time larger size ridge, where potato seeds are sown, is a barrier for any post planting operation.
Planting of potato in small ridge and then gradually increasing the size of ridge at the time of top dressing is the standard practice of potato cultivation. During the time of top dressing weeds are automatically cleaned. Therefore weed never becomes a problem in standard practice of potato cultivation. Introduction of standard practice of potato cultivation has been considered as the major strategy for controlling CPB and increasing the yields of potato.